Let’s talk a little bit about dress; Moroccan culture is strongly represented in its clothing and the way Moroccans dress. We have a wide variety of Moroccan clothing from djellaba to kaftan. Moroccan traditional dress for men and women is called djellaba; a long, loose, hooded garment with full sleeves. The djellaba has a hood that comes to a point called a qob. The qob protects the heads from the sun and from rain or cold especially in hard climates, like those in the mountains. Traditional djellabas are generally made of two types of material, cotton for summer wear and coarse wool for the winter. The wool is typically obtained from sheep living in the surrounding mountains. Men wear woolen djellabas to keep warm especially in winter.
Djellabas for women are different than the ones that men wear both in style and in purpose; women wear it first of all because it is very comfortable.
Second, because it covers the entire body and it is considered a modest garment to wear in Islamic country. It is also worn in religious holidays or while visiting families and usually accompanied with a scarf around their neck or head. Usually the woman’s djellaba is more colorful compared to the man’s.
Djellaba is worn outside of the house; there is djellaba for every day as well as for special occasions.
Djellaba gains exceptional popularity during Ramadan for men, women and children. Many Moroccan cities are known for making this traditional garment which is considered a symbol of Moroccan identity.
The Bzoui djellaba, named after the Bzou region in Beni Malal in the central part of the Moroccan kingdom, is one of the finest and nicest types of this authentic traditional dress.
Silham is another Moroccan traditional dress worn by men. Moroccan clothing are very rich and varied from one region to another; in some cities in the Moroccan kingdom a woman wears El Hayek instead of djellaba, others in the South of Morocco wear Melhfa. All these authentic traditional moroccan clothing cover the entire body of the women and considered as modest garments.
For special occasions, women can also wear garnished kaftans. Kaftans are worn by women to receive her guests. Its origin goes back to the Ottoman Empire. The word kaftan in the Maghreb is commonly used for one piece dress. However, there are typical versions of maghrebi kaftans called Takchita two- piece dress and a large crafted belt. Kaftans can be worn on both casual and extremely formal occasions like weddings, parties, etc, depending on the materials used. The kaftan has served as a symbol of royalty in some cultures and as a symbol of marriage or celebration in others; during some parts of history it symbolizes freedom and joy as well.
Both men and women, wear balgha – soft leather slippers with no heel, often dyed yellow. Women also wear high-heeled sandals, often with silver.