The old Medina of Marrakesh is surrounding by 20 kilometres of ramparts with 19 gates Bab Agnaou is one of the most beautiful gates of the 12th century town walls of Marrakech, Morocco. It was built in the 12th century in the time of the Almohad dynasty by the calife Abdelmoumen Ali El goumi. It is situated in the southern part of the medina of Marrakech.
In some historical sources the name Agnaou, like Gnaoua, it comes from the Amazigh word “Agnaw” which literally means “deaf man’’ Also it is used for people who cannot understand or speak the Amazigh language. The gate was called Bab el-Kuḥel too which is referring to black people or Bab Leqṣer (palace gate).
Its original function gives entrance to the royal the Kasbah which is the site of the El Badi Palace, the Saadian Tombs and the El Mansouria (the kasbah mosque), while Bab e Rob was the official entrance to the city.
The frontispiece of the gate consists of alternating sections of stone; the corner-pieces are decorated with floral decorations extending around a shell. This ornamentation is framed by three panels and on these panels is an inscription from the Quran in Maghribi, Kufic letters.
In the mid to late 18th Century the Bab Agnaou was restored and its opening reduced in size, during sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah, it shows many similarities to the contemporary Bab Er-Rouah in Rabat.